Archive For The “Latest Auto News And More” Category
Learn How Is Ethanol Made In 6 Easy Steps
Step One: The Conversion Process
Now we can start finding out how is ethanol made. First we have to break down carbohydrate sugars. Such as the starch from corn. Create it into “Mash”. Grind or crush the feedstock (corn, soybeans, wheat, etc…). Then dilute and add an enzyme (alpha amylase) to turn the mixture into a liquid. But once liquified a second enzyme is added (glucoamylase) to convert the starch into sugar. If the source is mainly sugar, rotten fruit, molasses, etc… The conversion step can be skipped.
Step Two: Fermentation
Add yeast and make it into a beer (wine) type solution.
Step Three: Distillation
The beer (wine) type solution needs to be run through a still to extract the alcohol from the solution.
Step Four: Filtration
The ethanol now needs to be filtered to get rid of excess organic volatiles.
Step Five: Dehydration
The ethanol needs to be “dried”. However after the distillation process there will be a certain amount of water in the ethanol you have just created. This can be dried running the ethanol through Zeolite a readily available product for drying ethanol.
Step Six: Ethanol Into e85
Now simply convert the pure ethanol into e85 by adding 15% unleaded gasoline to your ethanol. e85 is nothing more than 85% ethanol mixed with 15% gasoline.
How Is Ethanol Made In 6 Easy Steps
Making your own ethanol will require some initial investment. But The rewards will be very beneficial. However you can make your own e85 for right around a $1.00 a gallon if you buy the corn and for about $.60 a gallon if you grow your own corn.
Flex fuel vehicles are becoming more and more popular as the gas prices continue to rise. e85 is definitely going to be a major relief for the United States fuel problem.
You may even be driving a flex fuel vehicle now. Many newer models are equipped to handle both gasoline as well as ethanol. However the best way to check is to look in your owner’s manual, check in the fuel door for the e85 sticker or contact your dealer and have them run your vin number to see if your vehicle is compatible. I do suggest that you do all three, to be on the safe side.
Full List Of Different Types Of Bikes
There are many different types of bikes. A motorcycle is typically a two wheeled vehicle run by a small, loud engine. These vehicles are basically motorized bicycles. But are structured with heavier, sturdier and more complex parts, implying that a motorcycle is more machine than bicycle.
Motorcycles have various uses, but the obvious primary use is to ride. To serve as a form quick transportation. Other uses: military and law enforcement, sports/racing, touring, serving as a symbol of freedom and depending on who is riding it. Motorcycle conventions also allude to yet another purpose for the motorcycle: a show piece! Motorcycles, like automobiles, are also works of art for those who are mechanically inclined. Like to showcase their unique and innovative machines (concept bikes).
Different Types Of Bikes List
Motorcycles built for riding on paved and public roads. These motorcycles have shallow treads and 125cc engines capable of reaching 100 mph (160km/h). Some can go over 125 mph (200 km/h). These aren’t designed for racing, but merely for public transportation. They have license plates, blinkers, and other accessories necessary for riding on public roads.
Reminiscent of the style of American machines during the 1930s through the 1960s. These motorcycles are designed for long distance riding and provide some comfort. Harley Davidson, Excelsior, Henderson, and the Chopper are cruisers.
Performance bikes that are usually lighter and smaller in structure than the cruiser. These motorcycles are racing bikes and have four cylinder engines ranging 600cc to 750cc. “Super bikes” can also provide up to 1,000cc.
These motorcycles offer large displacement parts, to protect from inclement weather. Heavy winds; high-torque engines; comfortable, upright seating positions; and large capacity fuel tanks for long range mileage. Types of tour bikes include: Full-dress Tourers, Standard Tourers, Global On+off Road Tourers, and Sports Tourers.
Reduced in parts to its essentials, this bike emphasized function, performance. Ergonomics over the appearance that is a preferred feature of the sports and tour bikes. These motorcycles are also referred to as “street” bikes. The Yamaha Seca II is a fine example.
Motor Scooters are short distance motorcycles with small wheels (357 mm or 14 in. in diameter) and engines in the swing arm. Typically, these run less than 125cc, but some larger scooters exceed 250cc. One popular scooter is the Honda Lead 80.
A bicycle/motorcycle hybrid with a two-stroke engine that goes up to 50cc. These have demanding licensing in some localities. But their popularity dropped in mid-1980s, but they are still used today.
These include dirt bikes and are built for rougher terrain. But they have larger, deeper-treaded tires, small engine, long suspension travel. High ground clearance, and no street accessories. These motorcycles have engines that comprise two strokes at a single cylinder. Or four strokes at a single cylinder, and can go as low as 50cc or as high as 750cc, depending on age of the riders and the size and style of the engine. Trial bikes, which go no more than 250cc, are off-road motorcycles. But these are used for Motocross and Enduros.
Dual-Sport and Adventure-Touring
These are “on-off road” bikes. They are similar as the “off road” motorcycles. But they are equipped to ride on public roadways as well.
A variant of the trial bike, this motorcycle was used by dairy farmers in New Zealand during the early 1960s. However these are low pressure motorcycles used for easy transportation.
A specialized motorcycle used in track cycling for blocking air-resistance for racing bicycles.
Designed by a Swedish company, this motorcycle has a high torque engine and retractable trailer for towing cars and light trucks. But the only one in existence is the Retriever, an altered form of the Honda GL 1800 gold Wing.
These are prototypes created to measure the response to innovative designs. New and unique technologies, cost effectiveness and other factors. However most are never realized, but a small few are released in compromised combination. Form taking into consideration marketing realities, public reaction and preference, and manufacturing capabilities.
Different types of bikes are the rage of the road and off the road. However these machines are as inspirational as they are dangerous. They require as much respect as they do training and practice to operate. But if treated well, motorcycles will treat riders well.
Formula Car F1 Engines
In order to win races and keep a competitive edge, formula car engine must be uniquely designed to provide maximum performance with greatest longevity. Historically, engines that were built for F1 races were not built to last much longer than a single race. Today, FIA regulations stipulations require engines to not fall apart never to be used again. However, even with all the technology available to racing teams, engine failure is the most common reason cars are sidelined.
Formula Car Specifications
The as well as the standards for F1 engines have changed many times since F1 races first began. One hundred bhp per litre was the expected output of a F1 engine over fifty years ago. Some fluctuations in output occurred since then. Now, the standard output is closer to 300 bhp per litre using a 2.4 litre V8 engine. Engines today can use 650 litres of air per second. In a race, the modern engine will use about 75 litres for each 100 kilometers.
It’s tempting to think that regular car engines bare any resemblance to the modern day formula car. Unfortunately, regular cars aren’t capable of the same speed with typical car engines. Since reducing drag is a very important part of this sport, engines are built much smaller than normal car engines. Formula one engines also take up less space.
Formula 1 Car Gearboxes
Gearboxes are another feature attached to the formula 1 car. The gears are typically housed behind the steering wheel to make driving a lot less taxing for the driver in terms of his attention. Seven speed gearboxes are most common now. Transmissions on an F1 engine are connected straight to the engine and utilize electronic controls.
The type of energy, or fuel, that’s put into an engine isn’t really an important factor for F1 engines. In fact, normal gasoline is used on the track to refuel cars. The gasoline is similar to that bought at a local gas station. The only time fuel really becomes an important part of an F1 engines’ life is during diagnostics. Mechanics on a team look in the leftover fuel and oil left in the engine to see what metals appear there. This demonstrates the rate of which the engine is being worn.
The FIA, standing for Federation of International Automobiles, in an effort to curb illegal rigging of F1 engines, has put in place penalties for those who create expensive, wear and tare engines. Since 2005, the FIA has will give a penalty of ten places in a race if a teams’ engine fails to make it through two grand prix.
The modern formula 1 car is an amazing piece of machinery. With almost 5,000 parts composing the whole engine, it’s not hard to see how expensive one really is. The speed and power that race cars are able to achieve are due in part to the 20,000 revolutions that the engine can make every minute. Formula one engines have come a long way and with their continuing evolution’s, so too will evolve the sport closed track racing.
How Will Ethanol Gas Impact For You?
Due to the crazy rise of fuel price and the instability of the fuel market more and more people. Trying all kind of alternative fuels like ethanol gas. People are just fed up with spending all their hard earned money to some countries that change the fuel price. Usually with reasons that have almost nothing to do with fuel production cost. During the last 3 years there has been a constant and very sharp rise in the price of fuel. Some of it was because of the “Katrina” disaster but most of it because of the fuel producing countries controlling this market.
People started understanding that in time the yearly spending on fuel is going to grow to a monster like sum. That it would be nice to cut down these prices as soon as possible. Some business saw this trend getting stronger and stronger. Today thee are a lot of solutions for alternative fuel use and production. Most of the kits and solution found on the market are definitely working. Safe and cut an incredible cost of fuel consumption.
This Move To Alternative Fuel Has Got Some Big Businesses Thinking
Suddenly we get a lot of advertisement for self making ethanol. Ethanol distillation at home to sell to ethanol gas users. Since ethanol use is actually being promoted by official the production of the fuel. Ethanol for the public may prove a little more complicated than the privet manufacturing and selling of the fuel. You have to remember that these are still dangerous materials you are working with and that bigger production will ultimately result in bigger machines and much more of these materials use.
There is no wonder that some fear that individuals will experiment with the fuel. Imagine someone storing gallons of dangerous explosive materials on their property and the unprofessional way of dealing with these materials. The quality of the final product is also in question. With no formal body governing and regulating the quality this may prove a dangerous product to use, and certainly to try and manipulate. The individual trying to produce ethanol will also need to go through the American Society of Testing and Materials that will show they way to make the right kind of product safely and how to use. Keeping the materials involved in the proper and safe way.
The Self Manufacturing And Production Of Ethanol Gas
The process of making fuel from an ethanol is not something a reasonable person will do. It involves getting permits and going through many check and regulation testing. That it is simply not worth the time and effort by an individual, the making of ethanol will eventually result in some find of problem that will probably leave a very bad taste in the mouth of the person who gave this a shot.
For the individual this is a true revolution in the fuel market. You can just get a kit, study the making or buying ethanol fuel basics and you will soon be a part of this revolution. You will probably discover that it is very possible to cut the raging fuel costs and spend it on nicer things. That in a short time you will be completely independent of gas stations and gas use. The idea of making this a home business is not a very smart move, the licenses and taxes, permits. Checks of your distillation station alone leaves you with a low chance of actually making it as an individual.
In any case a person considering to go into the fuel business would do good to first try and live with ethanol in the first place. So join the alternative fuel revolution and start using ethanol gas today.
When To Sell A Car For The Highest Profits
When to sell a car to profit. You are in the market to buy a new car. Your first thought is to trade in your existing one at the dealership. If you do not have any time and you are very comfortable losing a couple of thousand dollars, go ahead and trade in your existing vehicle at the dealership. If you trade in at the dealership, you don’t have to pay a portion of the sales tax, equivalent to the trade-in value of your old car, on your new car. For a $2,000 trade-in, that may be as high as $160 at 8% sales tax rate. But the same $2,000 trade-in car can be sold at $3,000 to a private party if you put some efforts. And that can be a nice chunk of money for a few hours of works.
You Must Be Interested In Getting That Extra $1,000
Go ahead start your research for the fair market value of your car using Auto Classifieds. Enter all your available vehicle features and mileage to obtain an accurate number. Take a printout of the page. Now you have all the details for when to sell a car at your fingertips and the estimated market value the sellers in your region are willing to pay from a private party sale.
Call your local newspaper and buy a classified ads in automotive section for one week starting from a Sunday. Some local papers will extend your ad for an additional week for a nominal charge or for free if the vehicle is not sold in one week. Give details like make, model, year, mileage, engine cylinder size, etc. Also check out the online car selling sites like motor zoo.com and car.com. Get the title of your car and keep it in a place you can access it quickly if a prospective buyer wants to buy the car immediately.
Give It A Through Cleaning, Both Interior And Exterior
Remove everything from the trunk, back seats, and floor. The car should only have floor mats on the floor. Trunk should be completely empty. Secure the spare tire and the jack appropriately. Vacuum the trunk. Use a spot remover to remove spots from seats and trunk carpet if it is possible.
Don’t spend money fixing the car for any mechanical and electrical repairs, unless it is very minor like replacing the fuse or a bulb etc.. Be honest to the buyer if you have any mechanical or electrical problems with your car. Take the car to a quick oil change place for oil change and topping of other fluids. Most quick oil places will also fill up your anti-freeze, transmission fluids, power steering fluid if you go for their 20, 21 or whatever point inspection. They will also inflate your tires pressure to the recommended level.
When To Sell A Car For Prospective Buyers
When prospective buyers call you, answer all questions they might have about your vehicle. Answer them honestly because you want to turn an appointment into a sale. Make appointment at a specific time. don’t be vague like “come after work”, because your “after work” and the buyer’s “after work” may not be the same. Ask the buyer to come during the day and not at night. This may be a problem during the week-days in Winter months when days are shorter but in the Summer it should not be a problem. You can also schedule your appointment during the week-ends in the Winter months. Get the cell phone number of the prospective buyer if it is possible. However, don’t get upset if the prospective buyer does not show up or shows up late. Remember that a prospective buyer is your customer and “customer is always right.”
Check Their Driver’s License
You should accompany the buyer during the test drive and direct the buyer to roads you are familiar with. Don’t allow him/her to take the car wherever he/she wants. During price negotiation, don’t be extremely rigid in your price. Depending on the resale value of your car, you should be able to accept a couple of hundred dollars less than your advertised price. Take only cash; do not take checks or registered checks.
Use Free Auto Classifieds Online Advertisement
If you receive any inquiries from prospective buyers to your auto classifieds online advertisement, be very cautious. There are lots of scams going on online. If the online buyer proposes to send you a registered check for more than what you are asking for and tells you to send the difference to a shipping company, than you know it is definitely a scam. The check is forged and they will take your money and run. Have fun with your extra money.
How To Paint A Metal Trunk
Are you wondering how to paint a metal trunk? Do you remember when was the last time you looked in your trunk? Statistics have it that the trunk is oftentimes one of the most neglected parts and areas of a vehicle. Also, it is in fact one of the most overlooked and mostly taken for granted parts. Remember that for most of your car’s lifetime, you only remember the trunk when you need to put or get something out of it.
More often than not, we store various types of things inside the trunk space. Why people ask how to paint a metal trunk. And sometimes, these things that we put inside contain various materials and elements that could harm the trunk saving. So, as a car owner, it is important that you know how to protect and keep your trunk in good condition. Of course, you would like to have a trunk in good condition for if not, where would you be storing and hauling your share of cargo?
You would be needing a bed liner spray that would work on your vehicle’s trunk. There are some that are used to line truck beds. You can ask around auto parts stores how to paint a metal trunk. Also, you would need a paint spray gun, a compressor, masking tape, lacquer thinner, sandpaper, and paper.
First, you should be able to strip your car’s trunk if it has carpet. Then, clean the surface thoroughly. Try to sand down any high sports or rough spots that may have found their way to your car trunk’s walls or floor. Make sure that you get the surfaces as smooth as possible. This is to ensure that when you use the bed liner spray, it would actually take much hold on the paint.
Mask off the border of the trunk with the masking tape
Remember to cover up all parts that do not need any spraying. Remove your car’s seat. Spread then the paper you have around the area so that your car’s interior would not be receiving any kind of overspray. Make sure that you tape parts of the paper so that the spray would not get through the cracks.
Wipe the lacquer thinner in your car’s trunk. This actually helps the bed liner spray get its grip. Mix the adhesive of the spray and stir for around a minute. Make sure that you follow the directions that came along with the spray. Then, spray it where you would like it to be. Then, mix the lining part of the spray and stir for around a minute. Pour this mixture into the spray gun paint reservoir and use this to apply the liner throughout the trunk. When done, carefully remove the masking tape and paper and let it dry according to the specifications given by the liner package.
10 Auto Repair Mistakes You Should Watch Out For
Not confirming the concern.
Confirming an auto repair concern is a basic diagnostic principle frequently overlooked. To fix a problem, one must do is recognize it.
Insufficient Road Testing.
The importance of a thorough road test (even for an oil change) is well documented in automotive training manuals. Many technicians consider driving the vehicle into the shop good enough.
For the above reasons and a multitude of others, your vehicle is misdiagnosed more often than not. Mechanics will spend hours chasing the wrong problem. Wasting your time and money.
Throwing parts at a problem.
To compensate for lack of skills, mechanics often just throw parts at the problem in the hope of getting lucky. It’s common to hear mechanics say I replaced this and that. And the problem’s still not fixed. But this goes right back to mistake number one: confirm the problem with diagnostics and then proceed.
Not addressing primary concerns first.
Technicians often spend an inordinate amount of time looking for easy sells that will fatten their paychecks. There’s nothing wrong with this provided there’s no charge for the inspection. It doesn’t conflict with your time and the up sell suggestions are valid (they’re frequently not). However this type of free inspection and the subsequent up selling too often overshadows the primary concern. So…what’s wrong with my car?
Too often unqualified technicians get in over their heads. Rather than defer to a more experienced technician or facility. However they often keep going and do more harm. How’s it go…The road to hell is paved with good intentions?
In the ongoing effort to beat the clock, technicians will create a host of problems: breaking parts, snapping bolts, short circuiting sensitive electronics. Refer to Auto Repair: How Can They Screw Up an Oil Change for a great discussion.
Whether through incompetence or laziness. Mechanics frequently don’t do repairs correctly. It’s often sloppy work. Forgotten bolts, parts not lined up correctly, or components not re-installed properly are common. It gets worse with computer repairs: incorrect software programming, coding, and re synchronization protocols are just a few.
Not confirming repairs.
After a auto repair is complete, it’s important to re-check to ensure that the problem is indeed fixed. Too often parts are thrown in and the car is pulled out only to pull in another victim.
Making a mess.
If the above nine mistakes weren’t bad enough, there are now greasy fingerprints on the hood and steering wheel and two big greasy boot marks on the carpet.
Gas Prices are outrageous
Gas prices seem to climb higher and higher by the minute. When this upward trend in prices will end is anyone’s guess. With brittle budgets and no relief at the pump in sight, consumers are looking for ways to lower their gasoline bills. Short of investing in a horse and buggy, here are a few gas saving tips to help you get the most from the money you spend at the pump.
Start with your car owner’s manual
Check your tire pressure. Inflate or deflate your tires so that the pressure of each tire matches the suggested pressure listed in your owner’s manual. Surprisingly, improperly inflated tires can adversely affect your gas mileage.
Check the maintenance schedules in your owner’s manual and see that your car gets the suggested maintenance performed as frequently as recommended by the manufacturer. Dirty air filters, old spark plug wires and dirty motor oil all affect your engine’s performance. Keeping your car in top working order allows for a more efficient engine, thus reducing the amount of fuel needed to run smoothly.
Clean your fuel system for better gas prices
Carbon build up, plugged fuel injectors and ill functioning exhaust systems can drain your gas tank quickly. If you are not a backyard mechanic, take your car to an ASE certified garage and request a check of your fuel system. Repair or replace any poorly functioning parts and schedule a check up in six months before leaving the garage.
Adjust your driving habits
Speedy takeoffs at the stoplight may make you feel like Mario Andretti, but they are torture on your gas tank. Coast as much as possible and accelerate gradually when necessary. Use your brakes sparingly. Let nature slow you down instead of your brake pads.
Slow down on the highway. Car experts say that traveling faster than 60 mph costs you money. For every 5 mph above 60 mph, it cost you an additional $0.20 a gallon to maintain your speed. By driving at 60 mph instead of 65 mph, you save nearly a tenth of a gallon of gas at current gas prices. You can track your driving habits with vehicle tracker device
Clean out your trunk
Remove any unnecessary items from your car because excess weight will decrease your gas mileage. Lighten the load to save money. Some car fanatics even argue that a clean car runs better. They meticulously scrub bugs, dirt and debris from the undercarriage to lighten the car and wax the finish regularly to reduce wind resistance. At the very least, be sure that you’re not consistently carrying more weight in your car than you need to.
Shut off your air conditioning
A car’s air conditioner sucks gas like a thirsty camel. Use it sparingly, or not at all. If the weather is nice, roll down the windows or use the fan setting. After your car’s interior has heated up by sitting in the baking sun, roll the windows down for a few minutes to allow the hot air to escape rather than turn the air conditioning on immediately. Your air conditioner will run at a higher setting for a shorter period of time if you allow the majority of the heat to escape naturally and replace it with fresh, cool air from the outside.
Put these tips into practice with your car and reap the benefits of better gas mileage . With a little extra work and some common sense, you can fight those outrageous gas prices and save money at the pump.
Unforgettable Sports Cars Movies
Actors get their names in sports cars movies credits. But very rarely do cars. Nevertheless there are films that have featured a sports car that stole the scene and merited having its make and model mentioned in the credits. However there are a number of cars that have been in great cars movies, but at least 5 really stand out.
The Graduate: The Alfa Romeo
Dustin Hoffman was told that the future was in plastics. He depended on the metal of his graduation gift, the cherry red Alfa Romeo, to get him to the church on time. And the car was featured in numerous scenes. Used in the some of the most critical moment of the movie.
Mad Max: XB Falcon
The post apocalyptic Australian desert was patrolled in style by Mel Gibson, who was Mad Max. He zipped across what was left of civilization in a 1974 XB Falcon V8 interceptor. But Mad Max may have been a formidable foe and beat up the villains. Although road weary, the XB Falcon cut a dramatic silhouette as it crossed the Australian wasteland.
Goldfinger and Thunderball: Aston Martin
If Americans were asked to name a British sports producer. They would probably name Aston Martin who is the maker of the Aston Martin DB5. The popularity of this sports car is directly attributable to James Bond, played by Sean Connery. Having James Bond behind the wheel would make any sports car look cool. But the Aston Martin would have looked cool anyway. However the popularity of the Aston Martin was so high that the original sports car was stolen in 1979 from a Boca Raton, Florida airport.
Back to the Future: Delorean DMC-12
Even without its time travel abilities, the DMC 12 was very hard to forget. The DMC 12 did not sell as well as its creator. John Delorean had hoped, but it became one of America’s icons after it appeared in Back to the Future films. The movie franchise and the stainless steel DMC-12 are inseparable in the minds of the public. One can’t talk about the Back to Future movies without mentioning the car.
Regarded by some as the king of cool, Steve McQueen, who acted in the movie Bullitt. Will always be remembered for the chase scenes through the hilly roads of San Francisco. Steve McQueen took this famous ride in the 1968 Mustang GT390. Today this particular Mustang is still looked upon as being one of the best built in the franchise’s history. It is not unusual for movies to feature cars. The chase scene is an ever-present feature of modern films today. When cars have a key role in a movie, and the movie is a hit, the sports car can become unforgettable. Whether giving chase in some large city in the hills or rescuing a woman. There are some sports cars movies with roles that are Oscar worthy.
What Is The Lemon Law And What It Can Do For You
Are you asking yourself what is the lemon law? Generally, there are three pieces of legislation that you are to be acquainted with if you ever have to deal with a lemon car case. They include state lemon laws that show differences as you move from one state to another. The Federal Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act and Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). If your state lemon law does not cover your case, you can safeguard your rights by going to the latter two.
A Closer Look At Lemon Laws
Now let’s have a closer look at these laws. A state lemon law is legislation that applies to the vehicles with persistent defect and defines in what cases the manufacturer breached the warranty. What the consumer is entitled to if the warranty is breached. Normally the customer has the right to claim a refund or a new replacement.
What Is The Lemon Law Magnuson-Moss Act
The lemon law is effective only if the vehicle comes with an express written warranty and during the warranty period. In most states it covers new cars that have been purchased to be used for family, personal or household purposes. A car bought for business purposes is not covered by the state lemon law. Can be refunded or replaced under the Magnuson-Moss Act or Uniform Commercial Code.
Usually, when you are reduced to seeking justice. The action that you have to take depends on the state where you bought or registered your vehicle. In some of them, launching a written complaint is enough, while in others you will have to hire an attorney. Anyway if your car dealer or manufacturer are unable to satisfy your claim, you first go to the arbitration and if necessary, to court of law to resolve the dispute. And it is a manufacturer, not a car dealer that you take to court.
The Federal Lemon Law
The Magnuson-Moss Act is a federal lemon law. It is a forebear of all state laws and serves as recourse, when state laws don’t help. Its mission is to protect the buyer from manufacturer’s breaching warranty. But if your attorney chooses to sue under the Magnuson-Moss Act, the manufacturer is to recover your attorney’s fees (if you win the case). It refers to the vehicles and other personal property priced $25 and higher purchased “for purposes other than resale”. The law was enforced in 1975 and covers the products that were acquired after July 4 that year.
The Magnuson-Moss Act deals with both “full” and “limited” warranties. However the case can be taken to court with a valid cause of action even after the warranty has expired as long as the defect appeared in the vehicle during the period of warranty.
And last but not least is Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). This law grants the customer the right to claim a refund or a new vehicle replacement, if the defect(s) present in the car have proved to continue after several attempts (“a reasonable amount of attempts”) have been made to repair the inoperable part. The threshold of proof is defined by a particular state law.
When and if you decide to take action against lemon makers, you can study the laws and do it yourself. It can be wise to hire an attorney. Who can do it quicker and more efficient with his fees recovered by the manufacturer.
5 Car Dealership Scams Revealed!
Car Dealership Scams are often portrayed as predators. Just waiting for an unsuspecting customer to come along. This is because many people believe that they are always on the prowl for unsuspecting buyers that are not very knowledgeable about cars. This can be unfair because we can argue that there are car dealers out there who would not cheat just to get an extra profit.
How do you tell the difference with car dealership scams?
To avoid becoming a victim of sneaky car dealership scams. Look at the following auto financing scams.
1. Watch Out For The Car Dealership Yoyo Scam
You will be allowed by the dealer to bring the car home as soon as possible. The dealer will take care of the financing a few days. Later he will contact you again and tell you that there was a problem with your financing plan. He will tell you to set up a new financing scheme through him which of course will be at a higher cost. This will also entail a very high profit on the dealer’s part.
Be wary of this trick and avoid it at all costs if you detect it. If you have a bad credit standing, don’t have your financing done by the dealer and make arrangements for your own financing. If you ever do avail of the dealer’s financing. You should never drive the car back to your home immediately. Wait for at least 24 hours just to make sure that the processing of your financing scheme has been completed already. By allowing 1 whole day to pass by. You are assured that the dealer cannot use dealership scams on you.
2. The Dealership Window Etching Scam
Window etching is a very common with car dealership scams. What the dealer will do is to offer to etch the VIN number of your car onto the window of the car for a price. Basically the price ranges from as low as $300 to as high as $1,000. Some buyers think that they did a good job by being able to talk down the price to a few hundred dollars.
But unfortunately for them, a few hundred dollars is still a good amount of money. The best way to avoid this kind of scam is for you to buy an etching kit that you can do on your own. This is available in most auto shops and costs around $50. See how much they profit from you!
3. The Forgetting Preparation Fee Scam
For preparing your car, the dealer will often add an additional preparation fee to your bill. Just to conduct a test drive, replace fuses or take the car’s plastic cover off will have your bill increasing by at least $500! If you visit other shops you can get the information that these add on costs are already included in the MSRP as set by the manufacturer.
Some dealers automatically add it to the buyer’s order to make it look mandatory. To take care of this scam you can ask the dealer to classify it as credit (it should be identical to the amount of the preparation fee) on the following line. If the dealer does not agree to this, you can just simply walk away from the dealership.
4. Dealership Scams With Market Adjustment
The dealer will convince you that the vehicle you want is selling like hot cakes and very popular. In order to sell you the vehicle, they will do some “market adjustments” amounting to a few thousand dollars. This is usually indicated by a tag near the MSRP tag set by the manufacturer.
Even if the car you want is very popular and is very much in demand. If it is in stock you should not be tempted because getting a “popular” car is not worth it if you have to pay a few thousand dollars more. You should never pay more than the MSRP set by the manufacturers. If you do then you are allowing others to take advantage of you.
5. Don’t Fall For The Dealership Warranty Extension Scam
Although this type of scam is old already. It is still being used and there are many who fall for this trick. What happens in this kind of scam is that when you make a loan for the car. The dealer will tell you that you are required to purchase an extended warranty because it is one of the conditions of the bank.
There is a simple way of avoiding this scam. Ask the dealer to specify clearly in writing that the extended warranty is required for the loan to be approved. The dealer will most probably find a way to have it excluded. If he persists in including the extended warranty. Do not do business with this guy and go to other dealerships.
New Wheels And What You Need To Know
With new wheels people are looking for quality auto parts that are capable of enhancing their fuel efficiency or vehicle performance. New wheels are wheels/rims and tires that can be utilized to style different kinds of vehicles. There are many various types of new wheels for everyday cars. As well as motorcycles and trucks. Custom rims could be a stylish addition to a vehicle’s appearance. Irrespective of whether the rims are spinning. Have an alloy, chrome or painted appearance.
While replica rims are those that have been modeled based on original factory rims. Classic car rims are used by car enthusiasts to give older, antique cars their original look. Semi truck rims are usually made of aluminum or steel and made extra strong to be able to withstand the weight of truck loads and the wear and tear of long hauls.
Steel wheels are heated to over 2000 degrees to mold the carbon billets that are hit by forging hammers. They are able to sustain the stress of long hauls better than other types of truck rims.
So Many Types of New Wheels
Today, the types of rims available are light alloy and pressed steel wheels which dispel heat from driving. And increase economical gas mileage.
New wheels are available in a wide variety of styles and shapes, from chrome, alloy, aluminum, spinning, titanium to wire wheels. You can also get wheel finishes for aftermarket racing rims which range from chrome, polished, aluminum, powder coated, brushed and even gold plated.
Find A Variety Of Sizes With New Wheels
When looking for new wheels, you need to know the size of your wheels which can range from 12 to 28 inches. Chrome wheels are a great addition to any type of vehicle. They will actually have people’s heads turning. That will surely add to making your ride even better.
When it comes to buying auto parts, one should not compromise on quality because safety and keeping your car running smoothly is top priority. The engine is the most important part of the car, and with that come the auto parts.
However, it is also necessary to do your research. Shop around at different stores or even consider online shopping to see what is available at the best possible price. There is a variety of brands available of any auto part that you would need. You just need to know what you are looking for, and go find it.
When Finding The Most Reliable Used Cars
When you are looking to purchase the most reliable used cars. There are countless steps in the process and countless details to consider. It can quickly become quite an overwhelming and discouraging process. I have been a financial advisor for many years. So maybe I am a bit biased in this process. I have one main bit of advice for anyone looking to purchase a car: check out used cars sales. Do it first!
Have heard and received a lot of advice that people should consider
What people should consider when they are trying to make a vehicle decision. That is okay advice. But I believe that even better advice would be to look at the possibilities that the most reliable used cars offer before you even attempt to purchase a new car.
There are many reasons for this suggestion
The first is simply to be aware of how much money a new car really is. Life is expensive. There is never an end to the number of bills that need to be paid or responsibilities that need to be taken care of. Looking at used car sales rather than just for new cars can be a great way to find a great car that is within your budget. Doing this will allow you to really free up funds to go to other important bills and needs in your life.
You would be shocked to learn how many great deals that there really are with finding the most reliable used cars. People often think of used cars as old and rusted. There are used car sales for cars that have barely been driven. So get any preconceptions about used car sales out of your head. Go in to a search with your mind open to whatever you will find. You will be pleasantly surprised by the price. Quite often with the selection of used car sales.
If you’re looking to purchase a car
Take the time to research your different options. See what used car sales are available in your area. Plan to make a visit at each of these places before you make a final purchase. It is always a good thing to have a lot of options when you are purchasing a car. Talk with friends you know that have purchased a car through used car sales. See what advice they give you. Be knowledgeable so you can make the best possible decision.
Different Air Compressor Types
Air compressor types have been around for literally thousands of years. Now granted the devices the ancients used for compressing air bear little resemblance to the modern air compressor. However, the basic principle is the same and without the primitive air compressors. Civilization would not have evolved as fast it has. One of the primary uses for compressed air was to increase the combustion in a furnace. The operator of a forge would use a bellows to blast compressed air into the furnace to stoke up the heat. This allowed ancient man to produce stronger and better metals for tools and weapons. Most people today would not equate a bellows as an air compressor, but that is exactly what it is.
The blacksmith would pull apart the handles on the bellows. A check valve would allow fresh air to rush into the accordion like chamber. Then using muscles as the power source. The blacksmith would squeeze the handles together and the compressed air would shoot out the fitting on the end. Using this process it became possible to create a fire hot enough to smelt ores of copper, tin, lead and iron. Bellows are still used today in a variety of applications. The organ at your local church is probable powered by a bellows that is practically identical to one a thousand years ago. They even pop up in medical applications such as breathing machines in operation rooms.
It wasn’t until later in history that it became possible to compress air using mechanical methods.
In the past, only human and animal power was possible to power crude air compressors. This severely limited the utility of these primitive devices. With the industrial revolution, the mechanical air compressor was born. Engines running from steam power became the first method to power an air compressor. One of the first uses of a steam powered air compressor types was in underwater diving equipment. This opened up whole new methods for under water exploration and even underwater construction.
The compressed air could be pumped down to a diver. Allow extended stays below surface. Compressed air was also much safer to use as a power source for early pneumatic tools and drills. For example, early rock drills were powered by steam. However, hot steam is far more hazardous than compressed air. A ruptured steam line can kill or seriously injure a worker while compressed air is relatively benign. Steam powered rock drills eventually gave way to drills powered by air compressors.
As the internal combustion engine gained popularity
They began to be used as a power source for air compressor types. Gasoline engines are today commonly used in piston type air compressors. This would be a common air compressor you would find in your garage or on the back of a service truck. The gasoline engine drives a crankshaft and piston. As the piston moves into the downstroke position, air flows into the cylinder on the low pressure end. When the upstroke begins, air moves into the high pressure. This action produces compressed air.
In larger industrial applications, a rotary type air compressor is used. Rotary air compressor types produce compressed air by turning a vaned rotor inside of a long enclosed chamber. As the engine spins the rotor, air is sucked inside the chamber. The air is then forced down the vanes into smaller and smaller areas. This action compresses the air and forces it out the other end. Rotary vane air compressors work very well in industrial applications because they are capable of producing large amounts of compressed air for extended periods of time.
custom car audio Subwoofers
Unlike the subwoofers found in concert or theaters. Custom car audio subwoofers are more subtle in their design. Ideal for being hidden because of space limitations. Car subwoofers are often found in the doors or the trunk of a car. The automobile operator can still enjoy the same dramatic sound of their favorite song. But without the bulky nature of other subwoofers. Realistically the same model that is used in a theater or concert could never fit inside of an automobile. This is why custom car audio subwoofers are small. In that the manufacturer does not want to take away from the interior appearance of the car. By allowing a bulky audio product to be visible.
Some music enthusiasts are determined to create intense sounds with their custom car audio subwoofers
which can result in hearing loss for those inside the automobile. The most common way to do this is by turning up the bass sound and ‘jamming’ to the beats of a song. If exposed to extremely loud sound coming from the audio auto subwoofers for a prolonged period. Hearing loss is often severe. Therefore these products should be used responsibly just as any other device inside of an automobile.
Car subwoofers can enhance the auto audio experience greatly. In addition they can also be used to greatly enhance the unique look of a car. Car subwoofers are designed to be seen as much as heard. They are designed in various sizes including round, square, triangular, etc. Most auto enthusiasts prefer to install their own car subwoofers. While others opt for having them professionally installed.
When shopping for custom car audio Subwoofers , there is no shortage on options
Specialty stores, including retail, auto and online shops carry a wide variety of audio products. Feature a broad range of price tags to go with them. Audio car subwoofers can be very expensive. However this is the case with almost every automobile upgrade or product. The majority of custom car audio subwoofers shop carry some type of warranty. Which should be clearly outlined on the packaging or by the retailer. It is a good idea to save any warranty information, which will be the only way to redeem the manufacturer’s services at no cost in the event of a problem. Warranties will vary depending on the manufacturer. Often are limited to defects that are a direct result of workmanship or materials. Misuse of a product is not normally covered under a manufacturer’s warranty.
How To Save Fuel With These Simple Tips
Continuous increase in the price of gas is common news nowadays. This is accompanied by an upsurge in advertising exposures for mpg “ How To Save Fuel ” gadgets. These products attract potential buyers searching for methods to maximize fuel efficiency.
There are important procedures car owners can take in consideration to improve gas mileage mpg. According to the Better Business Bureau. The public should be critical in assessing products that claim gas mileage saving features for vehicle devices or additives for gas and oil.
There are products that feature gas-saving features that really work. In addition to that. Consumers could be facing a major engine trouble or a nullified creator’s warranty by putting devices to the engine.
Consumers should be wary of these specific advertising slogans: “20 percent fuel efficiency improvement mpg”
A hundred or more devices that feature gas-saving qualities are proven untrue by the Environmental Protection Agency. Worse, there are so-called “gas-saving” devices that may cause a harmful effect to a vehicle’s engine.
Another side effect is more smoke emissions. Examples of these devices are Engine Modifiers, Additives, Fuel Line Gadgets, Liquid Injection, Vapor and Air Release Devices and a lot more.
“Get an additional 4 miles for each gallon with this product”
Consumer testimonials are common in fuel saving ads. Assuming these testimonials are not made up. However a few consumers test the fuel consumption of their vehicle before putting on the gadget. Therefore, an objective comparison of the fuel consumption before and after the product was added will not be attained.
“Federal Government Approved”
Keep in mind, a government agency never endorses fuel saving devices. Although EPA has assessed potential gas savings but first the product should be evaluated and tested.
The alternative in looking for gas-saving devices. The BBB suggests that the public should take into consideration doing more than one activity that can help conserve gas. The vital way to begin is to concentrate on the gas pump. The consumer should buy only gas as needed. Make sure to review the car manual to know the proper level of octane of the car.
The following are practical tips on How To Save Fuel
Just drive reasonably within the speed limit. Remember that speeds of more than 60 miles per hour increase fuel consumption.
Do not do sudden starts, accelerations and stops. Acceleration should be done gradually. The gas pedal should not be stepped on more than one fourth of the way down. This will allow the engine to function most efficiently. However gas conservation could reach up to 5 percent if sudden stops, jerks and accelerations are avoided.
Make use of gears for overdrive and cruise control as needed. Fuel efficiency is attained when moving on the highway.
Windows should be closed on highways. Windows that are open can create air drag that can decrease the fuel consumption by 10%.
Rough roads should not be taken as much as possible. Dirt, bumps, rough roads and gravels can cause 30% increase in fuel consumption mpg.
Take out unnecessary baggage. The trunk should be kept clean, any gadget, tools or loads that are not needed should be taken out. 100 pounds of extra baggage can affect fuel economy by two percent.
The car should always be maintained
The engine should be given a regular tune up. The tires should always have the right air pressure and efficiently aligned, the oil should be changed when needed and air filters replaced regularly. Clogged filters can affect gas mileage consumption adversely by up to ten percent.
Turn off the engine whenever there is an opportunity. Idle engine wastes fuel. There are instances where the engine could be turned off; stopping for gas, waiting for someone, changing tire pressure, caught in traffic and a lot more.
How To Save Fuel Engine warm-up conservation tips
Lengthy warming up of the engine should be avoided. 30 to 45 seconds should be enough time.
Check if the automatic check is removed after warming up the engine. This is usually stuck which could usually cause poor gas mileage and air combination.
Do not rev the engine. This is usually done before turning off the engine. This causes unnecessary fuel loss and also washes the oil within the cylinder walls. However as an effect, there is air pressure loss and consequently fuel loss as well.
The Engine Cooling System And How It Works
When AAA reports that millions of vehicles overheat each year. However it’s clear that people are apprehensive about engine cooling system maintenance.
Compounding the anxiety is the overwhelming number of coolant formulas and colors on store shelves today. It’s no wonder that motorists simply don’t know which antifreeze / coolant is right for their vehicles.
But now, drivers no longer need to worry. But There is a product on the market that makes cooling system maintenance a breeze.
Engine Cooling System Antifreeze
New Prestone All Makes All Models Extended Life Antifreeze / Coolant can be used in all cars and light-duty truck makes and models, domestic or foreign. Can be added to any antifreeze / coolant on the market today – regardless of color.
“Advancements in vehicle technology caused antifreeze manufacturers to concoct a variety of formulas. To meet the needs of different cooling systems. As a result, the market became crowded, complex and confusing for motorists” said Kelley O’Donnell Prestone product manager. “We wanted to end the confusion for motorists. Our new formula, when used as directed. Can be added to any antifreeze / coolant in any vehicle with no adverse effects a true benefit for consumers.”
The Prestone All Makes All Models Extended Life Antifreeze Coolant is available in both full concentrate and premixed forms.
Engine Cooling System. When using the concentrated formula to flush and fill a vehicle. Motorists should consult the vehicle owner’s manual. To determine the specific maintenance and changeover intervals recommended for that vehicle.
In between these services, motorists should top off the system with a premixed formula. Which features the precise mixture of antifreeze concentrate and demineralized water.
“Cooling system maintenance no longer has to be daunting,” O’Donnell said. “Forget about colors. Forget about different formulas for different systems. Drivers simply need to remember that an all encompassing product. Like Prestone All Makes All Models Extended Life Antifreeze / Coolant, can be used in any car or light duty truck.”
How To Undercoat A Car Or Truck The Easy Way
Understanding how to undercoat a car or truck .Undercoating stops and prevents rust and keeps your car looking great. It’s recommended for those planning on keeping their vehicle more than a couple of years It is a thrifty job in two ways.
You save the cost of having it done, and leave the body from rusting away.
Undercoating is an extra dollar that an auto dealership often tries to load onto you when you buy a new car. But you need not dig into your pocket for this extra. You can do the job yourself at a total cost that is a portion of what an auto repair shop will charge you.
Undercoating has two advantages. First and foremost, it will protect a card by preventing the rust that eats through a fender and through a car body. Secondly, sprayed or brushed into metal to metal cracks and crevices the black asphalt material will forestall many a squeak and rattle.
How to undercoat a car. Most people think of undercoating in connection with strictly a new car. However it is usually a job that pays dividends on a vehicle of any age. In fact it offers a means of curbing automobile metal rust that may have gained considerable headway on any used car or vehicle.
If you decide to undercoat your car, do so before washing and polishing since some spillage may occur.
First: Remove the Rust. Whether the car is new or old, all rust must be removed and the metal cleaned off before the undercoating goes in. Rust left under the coating would go right ahead with its damaging work. Work on the metal until it shines.
Cleaning comes first. Getting the grime off can be the most difficult part of the procedure.
How to undercoat a car. Steam cleaning is probably the best way to prepare the car. If you can have this done. It will save you much effort and heartache. If not TSP (Tri Sodium Phosphate) can be used to loosen up the grease. A wire brush can be utilized. TSP is an inexpensive crystalline salt available at most hardware stores such as Home Depot or Rona. Mix the TSP degreaser with hot water and daub it on grease areas with a sponge or cloth.
In doing this job it is important to know what to coat and what not to coat. Keep the material off moving parts, oil pan, brake lines, muffler, tail pipe, drive shaft etc etc. Apply it liberally, however under the fender and sills of the frame and under the floor. Under the fenders work it right out to the edge.
To get under the fenders you will have to remove the wheels. Unless the support is very stable, remove only one wheel at a time. It never hurts to play it safe.
Some undercoaters are inflammable, while wet. So work with good ventilation – and avoid smoking and open flames of course.
Remember an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, or many tons of salt in this case.
Can You Beat The Traffic Cameras?
Love them or hate them. There is no getting around it the fact that Traffic Cameras are here to stay. Some love the fact that they cut speeding down while others say they are nothing but a way of invading your privacy.
Regardless of the fact. If you are caught speeding then the simple answer is there isn’t much you can do about it. You could of course go to Court and argue the fact. But if they caught you on film. Then generally the camera doesn’t lie. This of course means that in addition to the fine you originally got. You now have to pay court costs too.
Can You Beat The Traffic Cameras?
While traffic cameras are undoubtedly put there to safeguard the driver and the public by cutting down and clamping down on those who habitually speed. We all speed at sometime or another even if this is as little as going just a few miles over the limit. These are the people who generally get the letter through their letterbox. Not that there is an excuse for any speeding no matter how small.
However the average person can receive between 3 and 6 points on their licence from speeding and when it comes to renewing their car insurance. This can make a huge difference to the amount they have to pay. Whether speeding is on the increase or not. That by April this year it was estimated that around 1.3 million drivers had on average around 9 points on their licence.
Points on your licence do make a difference to the premium that you pay and in order to get the cheapest insurance your licence should be clean.
In order to get the best possible deal on car insurance, drive safely. Keep within the speed limits and shop around for the right deal.